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Successful Contracting: Getting Beyond the Basics

Author(s):

Kelly S. Longgrear, C.P.M., CTPE


March/April 2009, eSide Supply Management Vol. 2, No. 2

3 Essential Strategies

Today's supply management organizations face ever-increasing challenges: Workloads are heavy, expectations are high and qualified high-capacity staff are sometimes hard to find. In this "pressure cooker" environment, the management team at your organization must look beyond traditional supply chain processes and embrace the underlying value proposition in contracting.

Three critical strategies can help you mine the contracting function's potential value:

1.  Make sure time and resources are committed to the process. Within the supply management function, it seems like time is always in short supply. This is unfortunate, because an effective sourcing event can take two months to a year — or even longer — depending on the complexity of the product or service being sourced.

Each component of the contracting process is equally important, including:

  • Identifying and assembling a sourcing team
  • Scope-of-work development
  • Market research/identification of potential suppliers
  • RFP development and issuance
  • Proposal analysis
  • Negotiations
  • Contract award
  • Ongoing contract administration
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While these contracting elements are not always viewed as distinct events, each is a standalone component of the overall process. Compressing any one of them will result in less-than-optimal results.

Moreover, contract award is just the beginning of the supplier-buyer relationship; post-award administration of the relationship is crucial and takes a significant amount of time and resources. Many organizations go to great lengths to write effective contracts only to throw them in a drawer, where they remain until a problem arises. A significant amount of opportunities are lost this way.

As supply management professionals, how do we deal with the ongoing problem of insufficient resources allocated for sourcing and contract management? Primarily, we must:

  • Devote a sufficient amount of resources to the process. Do not shortchange it. Four contract negotiators cannot effectively do the work of eight. Organizations that devote adequate time and resources to the contracting process will save money, mitigate risk and maximize value.

  • Try to convince upper management to integrate the contracting process into all areas of the organization. This should be a fairly easy argument to make, given the return on investment (purchasing budget versus savings) that supply management departments typically deliver to an organization's bottom line. Measure and report your results to management. Don't make them guess about your value.

  • Continuously work to drive the perception of supply management as a strategic component of a go-to-market strategy.

2.  Gain insight into your suppliers. We all need the right kind of information to effectively perform our jobs. With the Web at our fingertips, gathering insight on our suppliers seems like a no-brainer. The challenge, then, is to find the right information.

The right kind of information digs into the heart and soul of a supplier's organization, where the truth about that supplier resides. Beyond the traditional quantitative and qualitative analysis part of the sourcing process, supply management professionals need "soft-skills" insight into a supplier's organization. Look for information that indicates:

  • How the supplier has performed for other customers
  • Its key decision-makers and how they impact outcomes — in other words, who has the power?
  • How it manages its supply chain
  • What its own staff thinks about their employer

Ultimately, this type of information will give you better insight into how a supplier is likely to perform over time and how to handle potential problems in the relationship. Virtually any supplier can put a compelling proposal together, but how will it perform after the contract is awarded? While service-level agreements can measure key aspects of a supplier's performance, a strong argument can be made that its soft skills are what really matter in the final analysis. This is "where the rubber meets the road," so to speak.

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Without executive support, the
supply management function at your
organization cannot realize its full
potential as a profit center.

So, how can you gain this all-important insight? Simple: Ask the tough questions, and find the right answers. A few suggestions to get you started:

  • While making a pre-award visit, talk to some of the employees (not just the proposal team) to gauge their level of job satisfaction. Their feelings will probably mirror your own satisfaction level with that supplier over time.

  • Contact some of the supplier's suppliers to establish their reputation within their own supply chain. How they manage those relationships is a strong indicator of their relationship culture and philosophy.

  • Find out if the supplier's employees are empowered to make decisions. I recently rejected an opportunity to work for an organization based on two factors: 1) my less-than-stellar perception of their corporate culture and 2) the fact that none of the employees felt empowered. The thought of working there was very unappealing, and so was the possibility of establishing a supplier relationship with that organization.

3.  Solidify management's support. The contracting process can be a competitive advantage if the entire organization recognizes its value and lends its support. This can take many forms, including:

  • A unified management team that presents one face to the supplier organization
  • An appropriately staffed cross-functional sourcing team working in unison
  • Adequate training for team members
  • Established, clear roles within the process

As supply management professionals, we all experience suppliers that work around us in an effort to gain an advantage. Additionally, most of us deal with internal customers that fail to recognize the value of the sourcing process and do not get us involved until the last possible moment, if at all.

The management team must see beyond the surface of basic contracting functions; it must recognize the value the process brings to the bottom line. Then, these executives must commit the required resources to the process and support it at the highest levels of the organization.

Without three components — time, information and support — the supply management function at your organization cannot realize its full potential as a profit center. Conversely, companies that embrace the supply management function as a key driver of business success will enjoy a competitive advantage.



Kelly S. Longgrear, C.P.M., CTPE

Kelly S. Longgrear, C.P.M., CTPE is the director of strategic procurement for National Cable Television Cooperative, Inc. in Lenexa, Kansas, where he is responsible for negotiating strategic agreements and supplier management for more than 1,000 co-op member companies. To contact the author, please send an e-mail to author@ism.ws.


For more articles and resources on contract management, visit the ISM articles database.

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