Vol. 50, No. 1
Looking Back and Moving Forward: 50 Years of the Journal of Supply Chain Management
This issue marks the 50th volume, and year, of the Journal of Supply Chain Management. As such, this is an opportune moment to look back at the last 50 years, and the more recent 2008-2013 period since the Journal's repositioning. It also is an opportunity prospectively to consider our steps as we move ahead as a scholarly journal and as a discipline. In doing so, we introduce the papers that appear in this 50th anniversary issue and consider the current state, and the future, of research in supply management, logistics, and the broader supply chain management discipline. In addition, we provide our own perspectives concerning the future direction of supply chain management research.
This Editorial was written jointly by the Co-Editors-in-Chief for the Journal of Supply Chain Management — Craig R. Carter (Arizona State University), Lisa M. Ellram (Miami University) and Chad W. Autry (University of Tennessee); by the European Editor, Lutz Kaufmann (WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management); and by the Asia Co-Editors, Xiande Zhao and Thomas E. Callarman (China Europe International Business School)
Craig R. Carter, Arizona State University,
Lisa M. Ellram, Miami University,
Chad W. Autry, University of Tennessee,
Lutz Kaufman, WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management,
Xiande Zhao, China Europe International Business School; and
Thomas E. Callarman, China Europe International Business School.
Supply Chain Management: It's All About the Journey, Not the Destination
With over three decades of the use of the term "supply chain management", five academic and practitioner perspectives of supply chain management are described. Much ink has been spilled in an attempt to define and develop this concept, and in analyzing its use or nonuse. The focus of this article is on academic effort, with suggestions of how to proceed in the future.
Lisa M. Ellram, Ph.D., is the Rees Distinguished Professor of Supply Chain Management in the Department of Marketing at the Farmer School of Business at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio; and
Martha C. Cooper, Ph.D., is a professor emeritus of marketing and logistics at the Fisher College of Business at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio.
Third-Party Logistics: A Meta-Analytic Review and Investigation of its Impact on Performance
Interest in third-party logistics (3PL) has been steadily increasing over the last two decades. Recently, increased focus by researchers has produced a solid literature base of academic research. In this article, a meta-analytic approach is employed to provide a quantitative review of the empirical literature, and to examine relevant constructs. Fifty-four samples across 69 peer-reviewed journal articles, yielding a total of 9,386 observations, were obtained and analyzed. We used transaction cost economics and the resource-based view a lenses to hypothesize a structural model of the relationships between relational governance structure, logistics customer service, and firm performance. Additional relationships also were found and analyzed, helping to clarify the mixed existing findings in the literature. The study concludes by mapping out future directions for 3PL research, based on the study's findings.
Rudolf Leuschner, Ph.D., is an assistant professor in the Department of Supply Chain Management and Marketing Sciences at Rutgers University in Newark, New Jersey,
Craig R. Carter, Ph.D., is a professor in the Supply Chain Management Department of the W. P. Carey School of Business at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona,
Thomas J. Goldsby, Ph.D., is a professor of logistics in the Fisher College of Business, and the Associate Director of the Center for Operational Excellence, at The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio; and
Zachary S. Rogers, MBA, is a doctoral candidate in the supply chain management program at the W. P. Carey School of Business at Arizona State University in Tempe, Arizona.
Why Research in Sustainable Supply Chain Management Should Have no Future
In the last two decades, the topic of sustainability has moved from the fringes of supply chain management research to the mainstream, and is now an area of significant research activity. In this paper, we argue that while this increase in acceptance and activity is welcome and has led to a greater understanding of sustainability, our present knowledge is not sufficient to create truly sustainable supply chains. We build on this insight to identify five main issues that future research needs to address. We argue that, when it comes to the theory of sustainable supply chain management, previous research has focused on the synergistic and familiar while overlooking trade-offs and radical innovation. These theoretical issues are compounded by measures that do not truly capture a supply chain's impacts, and methods that are better at looking backward than forward. The paper concludes by proposing a series of recommendations that address these issues to help in the development of truly sustainable supply chains.
Mark Pagell, Ph.D., is a professor of sustainable supply chain management, and the Chair in Global Leadership, in the Michael Smurfit Graduate School of Business at University College, Dublin (IRELAND); and
Anton Shevchenko, MBA, is a doctoral candidate in the Schulich School of Business at York University in Toronto, Ontario (CANADA).
The Future of Purchasing and Supply Management Research: About Relevance and Rigor
The Journal of Supply Chain Management (JSCM) is a hallmark in the academic field of operations and supply chain management. During the past 50 years, it has contributed substantially to the recognition and adoption of purchasing and supply management (PSM) as an academic and strategic business domain. Having been invited by the JSCM editors to provide some ideas on the future directions of PSM research, the authors discuss what can be one to further increase both its relevance and rigor. Rigor and relevance in academic research are interconnected. To improve its relevance, the authors argue that future PSM research should better reflect the strategic priorities described in the contemporary strategic management literature. Next, future PSM research should be much better embedded in a limited number of management theories. Here, stakeholder theory, network theory, the resource-based view of the firm, dynamic capabilities theory and the relational view could be considered as interesting candidates. Rigor is connected with robustness of academic research designs and projects. To foster its rigor, future PSM research should allow for an increase in the number of replication studies, longitudinal studies, and meta-analytical studies. Future PSM research designs should reflect a careful distinction between informants and respondents, and a careful sample selection. When discussing the results of qualitative studies, future PSM research should report on effect sizes and confidence intervals, rather than p-values. Adoption of these ideas would have some important implications for both the academic PSM community and academic journal editors.
Arjan J. van Weele, Ph.D., holds the NEVI Chair in Purchasing and Supply Management at the School of Industrial Engineering at Eindhoven University of Technology in Eindhoven (THE NETHERLANDS); and
Erik M. van Raaij, Ph.D., is an associate professor or purchasing and supply management in the Rotterdam School of Management at Erasmus University in Rotterdam (THE NETHERLANDS).
Evolving Functional Perspectives within Supply Chain Management
Since its introduction over three decades ago, the field of supply chain management (SCM) has undergone numerous transformations. Today it is a prevailing theme in scholarly and popular research, and numerous disparate disciplines claim its ownership. Despite the field's evolution, there continues to be little agreement on the domain and unifying theory of SCM, as well as a consensus definition. The result has been a lack of clarity as to the scope of SCM, "siloed" research methodologies, and parallel research efforts. We interviewed 50 academic scholars across disciplines, as well as 20 SCM business executives, to extract commonality of opinion and discuss the future of SCM. The most important of our findings are the identification of "common ground" regarding the definition and scope of SCM; establishment of the need for interdisciplinary research; the recognition of the existence of "inner" and "outer" core functions central to SCM; and the nature of functional involvement in interdisciplinary research. In this paper, we present these findings and provide a path forward based on the collective wisdom of these scholars and executives.
Zach G. Zacharia, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of supply chain management in the College of Business and Economics at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania,
Nada R. Sanders, Ph.D., is the Iacocca Chair and Professor of Supply Chain Management in the College of Business and Economics at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania; and
Brian S. Fugate, Ph.D., is an associate professor of supply chain management in the Department of Management in the College of Business at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado.