Vol. 43, No. 3
Collaborative New Product Development Environments: Implications for Supply Chain Management
Input from managers at manufacturing firms was utilized to learn more about the state of new product development (NPD). This study confirms that many firms do not take an integrated approach to NPD despite the advantages of doing so. Senior managers can assist in attaining higher levels of customer satisfaction by shaping organizational settings conducive to collaborative NPD. Supply chain managers can promote integrated NPD by championing the inclusion of manufacturing, suppliers and customers.
Chong Leng Tan obtained her Ph.D. in Manufacturing Management and Engineering at the University of Toledo in Toledo, Ohio.
Michael Tracey is an associate professor of operations in the department of management and marketing at Winston-Salem State University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
Supplier Evaluations: The Role of Communication Quality
Although manufacturers communicate supplier evaluations in order to influence the supplier, little is known about the role of communication quality from the suppliers’ perspective and its impact on suppliers’ performance. Using structural equation modeling and data collected from 138 automotive suppliers, the results suggest that the evaluation content and frequency have an impact on communication quality and suppliers’ commitment. Surprisingly, frequent communication of strategic criteria was insignificant or negative. In addition, commitment of suppliers to the buying organization mediated the relationship between communication quality and supplier’s performance.
Carol Prahinski is an assistant professor of supply chain management in the Eli Broad Graduate School of Management, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.
Ying Fan is a Ph.D. candidate in operations management in the Richard Ivey School of Business at the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada.
Environmental Uncertainty and Strategic Supply Management: A Resource Dependence Perspective and Performance Implications
Environmental uncertainty plays a crucial role in the implementation of strategic supply management initiatives. The current study adopts the resource dependence theory to explain the direct effect of supply chain uncertainties on strategic supply management, operationalized as a second-order construct comprising strategic purchasing, long-term relationship orientation, interfirm communication, cross-organizational teams and supplier integration. Using structural equation modeling, the 200-firm sample provided evidence that strategic supply management is driven by supply and technology uncertainty. Demand uncertainty, on the other hand, was not found to have a significant impact on strategic supply management. Findings further support
the link between strategic supply management and the performance of both buying and supplying firms.
Antony Paulraj is an assistant professor of operations management in the Department of Management, Coggin College of Business, University of North Florida in Jacksonville, Florida.
Injazz J. Chen is a professor of operations management in the Department of Operations Management and Business Statistics, Nance College of Business Administration, Cleveland State University in Cleveland, Ohio.
A Conceptual Framework for Computing U.S. Non-manufacturing PMIs
This research develops a conceptual framework for computing new weighted composite indexes for the U.S. non-manufacturing sector using a two-step sequential approach — a correlation analysis, followed by a principal components analysis. The results suggest that different weights (i.e., the highest weight to New orders and the lowest weight to Supply deliveries) be assigned if all diffusion indexes in the initial set of six are retained. It also turns out that a simpler index based on two (New orders and Supply deliveries) of the six diffusion indexes, with equal weights, can be computed with little information loss. The new indexes are shown to correlate highly with many key business/economic indicators.
Danny I. Cho is an associate professor of information systems and operations management in the Faculty of Business, Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.
Tomson Ogwang is a professor of economics in the Department of Economics, Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.