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May 2014 Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®

FOR RELEASE: June 4, 2014


Contact:   Kristina Cahill
Report On Business® Analyst
ISM®, ROB Media Relations
Tempe, Arizona
800/888-6276, Ext. 3015
E-mail: kcahill@ism.ws


NMI® at 56.3%

DO NOT CONFUSE THIS NATIONAL REPORT with the various regional purchasing reports released across the country. The national report's information reflects the entire United States, while the regional reports contain primarily regional data from their local vicinities. Also, the information in the regional reports is not used in calculating the results of the national report. The information compiled in this report is for the month of May 2014.


Business Activity Index at 62.1%
New Orders Index at 60.5%
Employment Index at 52.4%

(Tempe, Arizona) — Economic activity in the non-manufacturing sector grew in May for the 52nd consecutive month, say the nation's purchasing and supply executives in the latest Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®.

The report was issued today by Anthony Nieves, CPSM, C.P.M., CFPM, chair of the Institute for Supply Management® (ISM®) Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee. "The NMI® registered 56.3 percent in May, 1.1 percentage points higher than April are reading of 55.2 percent. This represents continued growth at a faster rate in the Non-Manufacturing sector and is the highest reading for the index since August 2013, when the index registered 57.9 percent. The Non-Manufacturing Business Activity Index increased to 62.1 percent, which is 1.2 percentage points higher than the April reading of 60.9 percent, reflecting growth for the 58th consecutive month at a faster rate. The New Orders Index registered 60.5 percent, 2.3 percentage points higher than the reading of 58.2 percent registered in April. The Employment Index increased 1.1 percentage points to 52.4 percent from the April reading of 51.3 percent and indicates growth for the third consecutive month and at a faster rate. The Prices Index increased 0.6 percentage point from the April reading of 60.8 percent to 61.4 percent, indicating prices increased at a faster rate in May when compared to April. According to the NMI®, 17 non-manufacturing industries reported growth in May. The majority of respondents' comments indicate that that there is steady incremental growth and project a positive outlook on business conditions."

INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE

The 17 non-manufacturing industries reporting growth in May — listed in order — are: Construction; Wholesale Trade; Management of Companies & Support Services; Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Public Administration; Finance & Insurance; Educational Services; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Health Care & Social Assistance; Information; Other Services; Utilities; Retail Trade; Transportation & Warehousing; and Accommodation & Food Services. The only industry reporting contraction in May is Mining.

WHAT RESPONDENTS ARE SAYING ...
  • "Business remains generally flat to slightly positive." (Health Care & Social Assistance)
  • "Market is picking up with large construction projects for the second half of the year." (Construction)
  • "Business is steady with earnings and growth in line with expectations." (Finance & Insurance)
  • "Business activity remains steady. There continues to be pressure from rising material and services costs." (Professional, Scientific & Technical Services)
  • "Steady activity in sales and improved margins." (Retail Trade)
  • "Backlog remains strong. Retail business is up. Project based business is also up." (Wholesale Trade)
  • "Additional capital projects beginning Spring/Summer." (Utilities)
ISM® NON-MANUFACTURING SURVEY RESULTS AT A GLANCE
COMPARISON OF ISM® NON-MANUFACTURING AND ISM® MANUFACTURING SURVEYS*
MAY 2014
  Non-Manufacturing Manufacturing
Index Series
Index
May
Series
Index
Apr
Percent
Point
Change
Direction Rate
of
Change
Trend**
(Months)
Series
Index
May
Series
Index
Apr
Percent
Point
Change
NMI®/PMI® 56.3 55.2 +1.1 Growing Faster 52 55.4 54.9 +0.5
Business Activity/Production 62.1 60.9 +1.2 Growing Faster 58 61.0 55.7 +5.3
New Orders 60.5 58.2 +2.3 Growing Faster 58 56.9 55.1 +1.8
Employment 52.4 51.3 +1.1 Growing Faster 3 52.8 54.7 -1.9
Supplier Deliveries 50.0 50.5 -0.5 Unchanged From Slower 1 53.2 55.9 -2.7
Inventories 55.5 55.5 0.0 Growing Same 2 53.0 53.0 0.0
Prices 61.4 60.8 +0.6 Increasing Faster 56 60.0 56.5 +3.5
Backlog of Orders 54.0 49.0 +5.0 Growing From Contracting 1 52.5 55.5 -3.0
New Export Orders 53.0 57.0 -4.0 Growing Slower 2 56.5 57.0 -0.5
Imports 55.5 55.5 0.0 Growing Same 3 54.5 58.0 -3.5
Inventory Sentiment 63.0 65.0 -2.0 Too High Slower 204 N/A N/A N/A
Customers' Inventories N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 46.5 42.0 +4.5

* Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® data is seasonally adjusted for Business Activity, New Orders, Prices and Employment Indexes. Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® data is seasonally adjusted for New Orders, Production, Employment and Supplier Deliveries.

** Number of months moving in current direction.


COMMODITIES REPORTED UP/DOWN IN PRICE, and IN SHORT SUPPLY

Commodities Up in Price

Beef Items (6); Dairy (6); #1 Diesel Fuel (5); #2 Diesel Fuel (6); Food Products; Fuel (2); Gasoline (6); Lumber — Pine, Plywood Products, Spruce, Spruce Studs, and Treated; Medical Equipment; Paper; Plumbing Supplies; Professional Labor (3); Stainless Steel Products (2); and Stainless Steel Sheet.

Commodities Down in Price

Copper Pipe; and Medical Supplies.

Commodities in Short Supply

Helium (2); Medical IV Solutions (5); and Stainless Steel Products.

Note: The number of consecutive months the commodity is listed is indicated after each item.



MAY 2014 NON-MANUFACTURING INDEX SUMMARIES


NMI®

In May, the NMI® registered 56.3 percent, an increase of 1.1 percentage points when compared to April's reading of 55.2 percent indicating continued growth in the non-manufacturing sector for the 52nd consecutive month. A reading above 50 percent indicates the non-manufacturing sector economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates the non-manufacturing sector is generally contracting.

NMI® HISTORY
Month NMI® Month NMI®
May 2014   56.3 Nov 2013   54.1
Apr 2014   55.2 Oct 2013   55.1
Mar 2014   53.1 Sep 2013   54.5
Feb 2014   51.6 Aug 2013   57.9
Jan 2014   54.0 Jul 2013   55.9
Dec 2013   53.0 Jun 2013   53.4
Average for 12 months – 54.5
High – 57.9
Low – 51.6

Business Activity

ISM®'s Business Activity Index in May registered 62.1 percent, an increase of 1.2 percentage points higher than April's reading of 60.9 percent. This represents growth in business activity for the 58th month and is the highest reading for the index since February 2011, when the index registered 63.3 percent. Fourteen industries reported increased business activity, and one industry reported decreased activity for the month of May. Comments from respondents include: "Higher retail and home sales" and "New product launch."

The industries reporting growth of business activity in May — listed in order — are: Construction; Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Public Administration; Finance & Insurance; Wholesale Trade; Educational Services; Other Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Utilities; Transportation & Warehousing; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Retail Trade; and Health Care & Social Assistance. The only industry reporting decreased business activity in May is Accommodation & Food Services.


Business Activity
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 36 56 8 62.1
Apr 2014 37 54 9 60.9
Mar 2014 31 54 15 53.4
Feb 2014 30 51 19 54.6

New Orders

ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing New Orders Index grew in May for the 58th consecutive month at a faster rate. The index registered 60.5 percent, an increase of 2.3 percentage points from the April reading of 58.2 percent. Comments from respondents include: "Projects underway as capex budget approved" and "Expecting strong sales over the next few months."

The 15 industries reporting growth of new orders in May — listed in order — are: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Construction; Educational Services; Wholesale Trade; Public Administration; Management of Companies & Support Services; Finance & Insurance; Health Care & Social Assistance; Retail Trade; Information; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Other Services; Utilities; and Transportation & Warehousing. The only industry reporting contraction of new orders in May is Accommodation & Food Services.


New Orders
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 36 54 10 60.5
Apr 2014 33 55 12 58.2
Mar 2014 29 57 14 53.4
Feb 2014 26 56 18 51.3

Employment

Employment activity in the non-manufacturing sector grew in May for the third consecutive month. ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Employment Index registered 52.4 percent, which reflects an increase of 1.1 percentage points when compared to April's reading of 51.3 percent. Nine industries reported increased employment, and six industries reported decreased employment. Comments from respondents include: "Staff added to support additional workload" and "Adding capacity."

The nine industries reporting an increase in employment in May — listed in order — are: Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Management of Companies & Support Services; Wholesale Trade; Construction; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Public Administration; Health Care & Social Assistance; Information; and Finance & Insurance. The six industries reporting a reduction in employment in May — listed in order — are: Educational Services; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Other Services; Retail Trade; Transportation & Warehousing; and Utilities.


Employment
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 26 61 13 52.4
Apr 2014 21 68 11 51.3
Mar 2014 25 61 14 53.6
Feb 2014 16 65 19 47.5

Supplier Deliveries

The Supplier Deliveries Index was unchanged at 50 percent in May following six months of slower deliveries. A reading above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries, while a reading below 50 percent indicates faster deliveries.

The five industries reporting slower deliveries in May are: Accommodation & Food Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Wholesale Trade; Information; and Professional, Scientific & Technical Services. The six industries reporting faster deliveries in May — listed in order — are: Mining; Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Transportation & Warehousing; Construction; and Finance & Insurance. Seven industries reported no change in supplier deliveries in May compared to April.


Supplier Deliveries
%
Slower
%
Same
%
Faster

Index
May 2014 5 90 5 50.0
Apr 2014 5 91 4 50.5
Mar 2014 9 86 5 52.0
Feb 2014 11 84 5 53.0

Inventories

ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Inventories registered 55.5 percent in May, which is the same percentage that was reported in April. Of the total respondents in May, 29 percent indicated they do not have inventories or do not measure them. Comments from respondents include: "Increased supply to meet increased demand" and "Building inventories for expected strong months ahead."

The 11 industries reporting an increase in inventories in May — listed in order — are: Mining; Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Wholesale Trade; Construction; Accommodation & Food Services; Health Care & Social Assistance; Retail Trade; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Utilities; Information; and Public Administration. The three industries reporting decreases in inventories in May are: Other Services; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; and Finance & Insurance.


Inventories
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 22 67 11 55.5
Apr 2014 22 67 11 55.5
Mar 2014 15 66 19 48.0
Feb 2014 15 71 14 50.5

Prices

Prices paid by non-manufacturing organizations for purchased materials and services increased in May for the 56th consecutive month. ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Prices Index for May registered 61.4 percent, 0.6 percentage point higher than the 60.8 percent reported in April. The percentage of respondents reporting higher prices is 27 percent, the percentage indicating no change in prices paid is 68 percent, and 5 percent of the respondents reported lower prices.

Twelve non-manufacturing industries reported an increase in prices paid during the month of May, in the following order: Wholesale Trade; Educational Services; Accommodation & Food Services; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Construction; Public Administration; Retail Trade; Health Care & Social Assistance; Management of Companies & Support Services; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; and Finance & Insurance. The two industries reporting a decrease in prices paid during May are: Utilities; and Transportation & Warehousing.


Prices
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 27 68 5 61.4
Apr 2014 31 65 4 60.8
Mar 2014 28 68 4 58.3
Feb 2014 23 71 6 53.7

NOTE: Commodities reported as up in price and down in price are listed in the commodities section of this report.

Backlog of Orders

ISM®'s Non-Manufacturing Backlog of Orders Index grew in May after one month of contraction. The index registered 54 percent, which is 5 percentage points higher than the 49 percent reported in April. Of the total respondents in May, 36 percent indicated they do not measure backlog of orders.

The nine industries reporting an increase in order backlogs in May — listed in order — are: Educational Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Construction; Transportation & Warehousing; Information; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Wholesale Trade; Finance & Insurance; and Health Care & Social Assistance. The five industries reporting a decrease in order backlogs in May are: Mining; Other Services; Retail Trade; Public Administration; and Professional, Scientific & Technical Services.


Backlog of Orders
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 17 74 9 54.0
Apr 2014 14 70 16 49.0
Mar 2014 17 69 14 51.5
Feb 2014 15 74 11 52.0

New Export Orders

Orders and requests for services and other non-manufacturing activities to be provided outside of the United States by domestically based personnel grew in May for the second consecutive month. The New Export Orders Index for May registered 53 percent, which is 4 percentage points lower than the 57 percent reported in April. Of the total respondents in May, 67 percent indicated they either do not perform, or do not separately measure, orders for work outside of the United States.

The six industries reporting an increase in new export orders in May — listed in order — are: Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Information; Retail Trade; Finance & Insurance; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; and Accommodation & Food Services. The two industries reporting a decrease in export orders in May are: Management of Companies & Support Services; and Wholesale Trade. Eight industries reported no change in export orders in May compared to April.


New Export Orders
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 12 82 6 53.0
Apr 2014 23 68 9 57.0
Mar 2014 11 77 12 49.5
Feb 2014 9 77 14 47.5

Imports

The ISM® Non-Manufacturing Imports Index grew in May for the third consecutive month. This month's reading at 55.5 percent is the same percentage that was reported in April. Sixty percent of respondents reported that they do not use, or do not track the use of, imported materials.

The eight industries reporting an increase in imports for the month of May — listed in order — are: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Utilities; Construction; Information; Accommodation & Food Services; Wholesale Trade; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; and Retail Trade. The only industry reporting a decrease in imports for the month of May is Arts, Entertainment & Recreation. Eight industries reported no change in imports for the month of May compared to April.


Imports
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Index
May 2014 14 83 3 55.5
Apr 2014 17 77 6 55.5
Mar 2014 12 77 11 50.5
Feb 2014 7 80 13 47.0

Inventory Sentiment

The ISM® Non-Manufacturing Inventory Sentiment Index in May registered 63 percent, which is 2 percentage points lower than the 65 percent reported in April. This indicates that respondents believe their inventories are still too high at this time. In May, 27 percent of respondents said their inventories were too high, 1 percent said their inventories were too low, and 72 percent said their inventories were about right.

The 10 industries reporting a feeling that their inventories are too high in May — listed in order — are: Mining; Management of Companies & Support Services; Wholesale Trade; Public Administration; Utilities; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Health Care & Social Assistance; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Accommodation & Food Services; and Retail Trade. No industry reported a feeling that their inventories are too low. Seven industries reported no change in inventory sentiment for the month of May compared to April.


Inventory Sentiment
%Too
High
%About
Right
%Too
Low

Index
May 2014 27 72 1 63.0
Apr 2014 31 68 1 65.0
Mar 2014 28 65 7 60.5
Feb 2014 28 68 4 62.0

About This Report

The data presented herein is obtained from a survey of non-manufacturing supply managers based on information they have collected within their respective organizations. ISM® makes no representation, other than that stated within this release, regarding the individual company data collection procedures. Use of the data is in the public domain and should be compared to all other economic data sources when used in decision-making.

Data and Method of Presentation

The Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is based on data compiled from purchasing and supply executives nationwide. Membership of the Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee is diversified by NAICS, based on each industry's contribution to gross domestic product (GDP). The Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee responses are divided into the following NAICS code categories: Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting; Mining; Utilities; Construction; Wholesale Trade; Retail Trade; Transportation & Warehousing; Information; Finance & Insurance; Real Estate, Rental & Leasing; Professional, Scientific & Technical Services; Management of Companies & Support Services; Educational Services; Health Care & Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment & Recreation; Accommodation & Food Services; Public Administration; and Other Services (services such as Equipment & Machinery Repairing; Promoting or Administering Religious Activities; Grantmaking; Advocacy; and Providing Dry-Cleaning & Laundry Services, Personal Care Services, Death Care Services, Pet Care Services, Photofinishing Services, Temporary Parking Services, and Dating Services).

Survey responses reflect the change, if any, in the current month compared to the previous month. For each of the indicators measured (Business Activity, New Orders, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, Inventory Change, Inventory Sentiment, Imports, Prices, Employment and Supplier Deliveries), this report shows the percentage reporting each response, and the diffusion index. Responses represent raw data and are never changed. Data is seasonally adjusted for Business Activity, New Orders, Prices and Employment. All seasonal adjustment factors are subject annually to relatively minor changes when conditions warrant them. The remaining indexes have not indicated significant seasonality.

The NMI® (Non-Manufacturing Index) is a composite index based on the diffusion indexes for four of the indicators with equal weights: Business Activity (seasonally adjusted), New Orders (seasonally adjusted), Employment (seasonally adjusted) and Supplier Deliveries. Diffusion indexes have the properties of leading indicators and are convenient summary measures showing the prevailing direction of change and the scope of change. An index reading above 50 percent indicates that the non-manufacturing economy in that index is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally declining. Supplier Deliveries is an exception. A Supplier Deliveries Index above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries and below 50 percent indicates faster deliveries.

The Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® survey is sent out to Non-Manufacturing Business Survey Committee respondents the first part of each month. Respondents are asked to ONLY report on information for the current month. ISM® receives survey responses throughout most of any given month, with the majority of respondents generally waiting until late in the month to submit responses in order to give the most accurate picture of current business activity. ISM® then compiles the report for release on the third business day of the following month.

The industries reporting growth, as indicated in the Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® monthly report, are listed in the order of most growth to least growth. For the industries reporting contraction or decreases, those are listed in the order of the highest level of contraction/decrease to the least level of contraction/decrease.

The Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is published monthly by Institute for Supply Management®, the first supply institute in the world. Founded in 1915, ISM®'s mission is to enhance the value and performance of procurement and supply chain management practitioners and their organizations worldwide. By executing and extending its mission through education, research, standards of excellence and information dissemination — including the renowned monthly ISM® Report On Business® — ISM® maintains a strong global influence among individuals and organizations. ISM® is a not-for-profit educational association that serves professionals with an interest in supply management who live and work in more than 80 countries.

The full text version of the Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is posted on ISM®'s website at www.ism.ws on the third business day of every month after 10:10 a.m. (ET).

The next Non-Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® featuring the June 2014 data will be released at 10:00 a.m. (ET) on Thursday, July 3, 2014.



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