FOR RELEASE: December 1, 2014


Contact:   Kathleen Lacy
Report On Business® Analyst
ISM®, ROB/Research
Tempe, Arizona
800/888-6276, Ext. 3143
E-mail: klacy@ism.ws


November 2014 Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®

PMI® at 58.7%


DO NOT CONFUSE THIS NATIONAL REPORT with the various regional purchasing reports released across the country. The national report's information reflects the entire United States, while the regional reports contain primarily regional data from their local vicinities. Also, the information in the regional reports is not used in calculating the results of the national report. The information compiled in this report is for the month of November 2014.


New Orders, Employment and Production Growing
Inventories Growing
Supplier Deliveries Slowing

(Tempe, Arizona) — Economic activity in the manufacturing sector expanded in November for the 18th consecutive month, and the overall economy grew for the 66th consecutive month, say the nation’s supply executives in the latest Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business®.

The report was issued today by Bradley J. Holcomb, CPSM, CPSD, chair of the Institute for Supply Management® (ISM®) Manufacturing Business Survey Committee. "The November PMI® registered 58.7 percent, a decrease of 0.3 percentage point from October’s reading of 59 percent, indicating continued expansion in manufacturing. The New Orders Index registered 66 percent, an increase of 0.2 percentage point from the reading of 65.8 percent in October. The Production Index registered 64.4 percent, 0.4 percentage point below the October reading of 64.8 percent. The Employment Index grew for the 17th consecutive month, registering 54.9 percent, a decrease of 0.6 percentage point below the October reading of 55.5 percent. Inventories of raw materials registered 51.5 percent, a decrease of 1 percentage point from the October reading of 52.5 percent. The Prices Index registered 44.5 percent, down 9 percentage points from the October reading of 53.5 percent, indicating lower raw materials prices in November relative to October. Comments from the panel are upbeat about strong demand and new orders, with some expressing concerns about West Coast port slowdowns and the threat of a potential dock strike."

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 14 are reporting growth in November in the following order: Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Furniture & Related Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Textile Mills; Printing & Related Support Activities; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Paper Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Machinery; Transportation Equipment; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; and Primary Metals. The only industry reporting contraction in November is Apparel, Leather & Allied Products.


WHAT RESPONDENTS ARE SAYING ...
  • "The Holiday Season continues to exceed expectations. Customers are generally optimistic for future sales growth." (Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products)
  • "Continued strong demand. Deliveries through the West Coast are delayed due to a number of factors." (Fabricated Metal Products)
  • "We have seen continued growth in transportation equipment. Slowdowns and threats of strike of West Coast longshoreman weigh heavily on U.S. operations." (Transportation Equipment)
  • "Business continues to be stronger than last year." (Furniture & Related Products)
  • "Improvement in defense spending and manufacturing." (Computer & Electronic Products)
  • "West Coast port longshoreman slowdown is affecting business with longer lead times." (Chemical Products)
  • "We continue to hire people. People are also leaving to take other jobs indicating the job market is starting to improve for manufacturing." (Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components)
  • "Market has remained strong going into year-end." (Wood Products)
  • "Order intake has been substantial, resulting in a very healthy backlog. The packaging automation requirements in the food and beverage market are robust." (Machinery)
  • "Demand remains strong for new orders." (Miscellaneous Manufacturing)
MANUFACTURING AT A GLANCE
NOVEMBER 2014


Index
Series
Index
Nov
Series
Index
Oct
Percentage
Point
Change


Direction
Rate
of
Change

Trend*
(Months)
PMI® 58.7 59.0 -0.3 Growing Slower 18
New Orders 66.0 65.8 +0.2 Growing Faster 18
Production 64.4 64.8 -0.4 Growing Slower 9
Employment 54.9 55.5 -0.6 Growing Slower 17
Supplier Deliveries 56.8 56.2 +0.6 Slowing Faster 18
Inventories 51.5 52.5 -1.0 Growing Slower 4
Customers' Inventories 50.0 48.0 +2.0 About Right From Too Low 1
Prices 44.5 53.5 -9.0 Decreasing From Increasing 1
Backlog of Orders 55.0 53.0 +2.0 Growing Faster 2
Exports 55.0 51.5 +3.5 Growing Faster 24
Imports 56.0 54.5 +1.5 Growing Faster 22
OVERALL ECONOMY Growing Slower 66
Manufacturing Sector Growing Slower 18

Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® data is seasonally adjusted for New Orders, Production, Employment and Supplier Deliveries indexes.

*Number of months moving in current direction.



COMMODITIES REPORTED UP/DOWN IN PRICE AND IN SHORT SUPPLY


Commodities Up in Price

Aluminum (10); Propylene Glycol; and Stainless Steel* (9).


Commodities Down in Price

Copper (4); Crude Oil; Diesel (2); Ethylene; Gasoline (2); Nickel; Oil Based Products; PET Resin; Stainless Steel*; and Steel — Hot Rolled.


Commodities in Short Supply

No commodities were reported in short supply.

Note: The number of consecutive months the commodity is listed is indicated after each item.
*Reported as both up and down in price.



NOVEMBER 2014 MANUFACTURING INDEX SUMMARIES


PMI®

Manufacturing expanded in November as the PMI® registered 58.7 percent, a decrease of 0.3 percentage point when compared to October’s reading of 59 percent, indicating growth in manufacturing for the 18th consecutive month. A reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally contracting.

A PMI® in excess of 43.2 percent, over a period of time, generally indicates an expansion of the overall economy. Therefore, the November PMI® indicates growth for the 66th consecutive month in the overall economy, and indicates expansion in the manufacturing sector for the 18th consecutive month. Holcomb stated, "The past relationship between the PMI® and the overall economy indicates that the average PMI® for January through November (55.8 percent) corresponds to a 4.2 percent increase in real gross domestic product (GDP) on an annualized basis. In addition, if the PMI® for November (58.7 percent) is annualized, it corresponds to a 5.1 percent increase in real GDP annually."


THE LAST 12 MONTHS
Month PMI®   Month PMI®
Nov 2014  58.7   May 2014  55.4
Oct 2014  59.0   Apr 2014  54.9
Sep 2014  56.6   Mar 2014  53.7
Aug 2014  59.0   Feb 2014  53.2
Jul 2014  57.1   Jan 2014  51.3
Jun 2014  55.3   Dec 2013  56.5
Average for 12 months – 55.9
High – 59.0
Low – 51.3


New Orders

ISM®’s New Orders Index registered 66 percent in November, an increase of 0.2 percentage point when compared to the 65.8 percent reported in October, indicating growth in new orders for the 18th consecutive month. A New Orders Index above 52.1 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Census Bureau’s series on manufacturing orders (in constant 2000 dollars).

The 11 industries reporting growth in new orders in November — listed in order — are: Plastics & Rubber Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Fabricated Metal Products; Paper Products; Furniture & Related Products; Machinery; Petroleum & Coal Products; Transportation Equipment; Chemical Products; and Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components. The only industry reporting a decrease in new orders during November is Apparel, Leather & Allied Products. Six industries reported no change in new orders in November compared to October.

New
Orders
%
Better
%
Same
%
Worse

Net

Index
Nov 2014 38 47 15 +23 66.0
Oct 2014 34 52 14 +20 65.8
Sep 2014 30 55 15 +15 60.0
Aug 2014 38 48 14 +24 66.7


Production

ISM®’s Production Index registered 64.4 percent in November, which is a decrease of 0.4 percentage point when compared to the 64.8 percent reported in October, indicating growth in production for the ninth consecutive month. An index above 51.1 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Federal Reserve Board’s Industrial Production figures.

The 14 industries reporting growth in production during the month of November — listed in order — are: Fabricated Metal Products; Textile Mills; Petroleum & Coal Products; Machinery; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Furniture & Related Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Plastics & Rubber Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Transportation Equipment; Primary Metals; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Computer & Electronic Products; and Paper Products. The only industry reporting a decrease in production during November is Chemical Products.


Production
%
Better
%
Same
%
Worse

Net

Index
Nov 2014 34 55 11 +23 64.4
Oct 2014 34 53 13 +21 64.8
Sep 2014 32 57 11 +21 64.6
Aug 2014 35 53 12 +23 64.5


Employment

ISM®’s Employment Index registered 54.9 percent in November, which is a decrease of 0.6 percentage point when compared to the 55.5 percent reported in October. This is the 17th consecutive month of growth in employment. An Employment Index above 50.6 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data on manufacturing employment.

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 11 reported growth in employment in November in the following order: Printing & Related Support Activities; Textile Mills; Furniture & Related Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Petroleum & Coal Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Machinery; Paper Products; Primary Metals; and Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components. The three industries reporting a decrease in employment in November are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Computer & Electronic Products; and Transportation Equipment.


Employment
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Net

Index
Nov 2014 21 63 16 +5 54.9
Oct 2014 19 69 12 +7 55.5
Sep 2014 21 64 15 +6 54.6
Aug 2014 25 63 12 +13 58.1


Supplier Deliveries

The delivery performance of suppliers to manufacturing organizations slowed in November at a faster rate as the Supplier Deliveries Index registered 56.8 percent. This month’s reading is 0.6 percentage point higher than the 56.2 percent reported in October. A reading below 50 percent indicates faster deliveries, while a reading above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries.

The eight industries reporting slower supplier deliveries in November — listed in order — are: Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Primary Metals; Paper Products; Transportation Equipment; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; and Fabricated Metal Products. The two industries reporting faster supplier deliveries during November are: Petroleum & Coal Products; and Chemical Products. Eight industries reported no change in supplier deliveries in November compared to October.

Supplier
Deliveries
%
Slower
%
Same
%
Faster

Net

Index
Nov 2014 14 80 6 +8 56.8
Oct 2014 15 79 6 +9 56.2
Sep 2014 12 81 7 +5 52.2
Aug 2014 13 82 5 +8 53.9


Inventories*

The Inventories Index registered 51.5 percent in November, which is 1 percentage point lower than the 52.5 percent registered in October, indicating raw materials inventories are growing for the fourth consecutive month. An Inventories Index greater than 42.8 percent, over time, is generally consistent with expansion in the Bureau of Economic Analysis’ (BEA) figures on overall manufacturing inventories (in chained 2000 dollars).

The eight industries reporting higher inventories in November — listed in order — are: Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Furniture & Related Products; Transportation Equipment; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Paper Products; and Primary Metals. The six industries reporting lower inventories in November — listed in order — are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Machinery; and Chemical Products.


Inventories
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Net

Index
Nov 2014 21 61 18 +3 51.5
Oct 2014 21 63 16 +5 52.5
Sep 2014 18 67 15 +3 51.5
Aug 2014 19 66 15 +4 52.0


Customers' Inventories*

ISM®’s Customers’ Inventories Index registered 50 percent in November, an increase of 2 percentage points from October when customers’ inventories registered 48 percent. This indicates that customers’ inventories are considered to be about right. This is the first time that customer inventories have registered at or above 50 percent since November 2011 when the index also registered exactly 50 percent.

The five manufacturing industries reporting customers’ inventories as being too high during the month of November are: Computer & Electronic Products; Furniture & Related Products; Primary Metals; Chemical Products; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products. The five industries reporting customers’ inventories as too low during November are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Paper Products; Machinery; Fabricated Metal Products; and Transportation Equipment. Seven industries reported no change in customers’ inventories in November compared to October.

Customers'
Inventories
%
Reporting
%Too
High
%About
Right
%Too
Low

Net

Index
Nov 2014 61 13 74 13 0 50.0
Oct 2014 59 10 76 14 -4 48.0
Sep 2014 59 9 71 20 -11 44.5
Aug 2014 63 13 72 15 -2 49.0


Prices*

The ISM® Prices Index registered 44.5 percent in November, which is a decrease of 9 percentage points compared to the October reading of 53.5 percent. In November, 14 percent of respondents reported paying higher prices, 25 percent reported paying lower prices, and 61 percent of supply executives reported paying the same prices as in October. This is the first time that raw materials prices have registered a decrease since July 2013 when the Prices Index registered 49 percent. A Prices Index above 49.7 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Producer Price Index for Intermediate Materials.

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, the two that reported paying increased prices during the month of November are: Furniture & Related Products; and Paper Products. The 12 industries reporting paying lower prices during the month of November — listed in order — are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Textile Mills; Petroleum & Coal Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Transportation Equipment; Primary Metals; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Machinery; Fabricated Metal Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Computer & Electronic Products; and Chemical Products.


Prices
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Net

Index
Nov 2014 14 61 25 -11 44.5
Oct 2014 21 65 14 +7 53.5
Sep 2014 28 63 9 +19 59.5
Aug 2014 24 68 8 +16 58.0


Backlog of Orders*

ISM®’s Backlog of Orders Index registered 55 percent in November, which is 2 percentage points higher than the 53 percent reported in October, indicating growth in order backlogs for the second consecutive month. Of the 87 percent of respondents who reported their backlog of orders, 27 percent reported greater backlogs, 17 percent reported smaller backlogs, and 56 percent reported no change from October.

The 12 industries reporting increased order backlogs in November — listed in order — are: Textile Mills; Petroleum & Coal Products; Furniture & Related Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Paper Products; Primary Metals; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Machinery; Transportation Equipment; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; and Computer & Electronic Products. The three industries reporting a decrease in order backlogs during November are: Wood Products; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; and Chemical Products.

Backlog of
Orders
%
Reporting
%
Greater
%
Same
%
Less

Net

Index
Nov 2014 87 27 56 17 +10 55.0
Oct 2014 88 24 58 18 +6 53.0
Sep 2014 85 18 58 24 -6 47.0
Aug 2014 87 25 55 20 +5 52.5


New Export Orders*

ISM®’s New Export Orders Index registered 55 percent in November, which is 3.5 percentage points higher than the 51.5 percent reported in October. November’s reading reflects growth in the level of exports for the 24th consecutive month.

The 11 industries reporting growth in new export orders in November — listed in order — are: Textile Mills; Wood Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Machinery; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Computer & Electronic Products; Transportation Equipment; and Paper Products. The two industries reporting a decrease in new export orders during November are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; and Chemical Products.

New Export
Orders
%
Reporting
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Net

Index
Nov 2014 75 15 80 5 +10 55.0
Oct 2014 76 14 75 11 +3 51.5
Sep 2014 76 14 79 7 +7 53.5
Aug 2014 76 18 74 8 +10 55.0


Imports*

ISM®’s Imports Index registered 56 percent in November, which is 1.5 percentage points higher than the 54.5 percent reported in October. This month’s reading represents 22 consecutive months of growth in imports.

The 11 industries reporting growth in imports during the month of November — listed in order — are: Printing & Related Support Activities; Primary Metals; Machinery; Plastics & Rubber Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Transportation Equipment; Furniture & Related Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; and Chemical Products. The two industries reporting a decrease in imports during November are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; and Miscellaneous Manufacturing.


Imports
%
Reporting
%
Higher
%
Same
%
Lower

Net

Index
Nov 2014 78 16 80 4 +12 56.0
Oct 2014 77 16 77 7 +9 54.5
Sep 2014 79 15 76 9 +6 53.0
Aug 2014 76 18 76 6 +12 56.0

* The Inventories, Customers’ Inventories, Prices, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders and Imports Indexes do not meet the accepted criteria for seasonal adjustments.



Buying Policy

Average commitment lead time for Capital Expenditures increased 5 days to 123 days. Average lead time for Production Materials decreased 3 day to 58 days. Average lead time for Maintenance, Repair and Operating (MRO) Supplies remained unchanged at 27 days.

Percent Reporting

Capital
Expenditures
Hand-
to-
Mouth

30
Days

60
Days

90
Days

6
Months

1
Year+

Average
Days
Nov 2014 28 7 8 19 22 16 123
Oct 2014 29 6 11 18 21 15 118
Sep 2014 27 7 12 19 19 16 120
Aug 2014 27 7 12 18 21 15 119
 

Production
Materials
Hand-
to-
Mouth

30
Days

60
Days

90
Days

6
Months

1
Year+

Average
Days
Nov 2014 18 36 23 14 7 2 58
Oct 2014 16 34 24 19 4 3 61
Sep 2014 16 37 21 16 7 3 62
Aug 2014 13 41 23 13 7 3 62
 

MRO
Supplies
Hand-
to-
Mouth

30
Days

60
Days

90
Days

6
Months

1
Year+

Average
Days
Nov 2014 45 39 10 4 2 0 27
Oct 2014 45 39 9 6 1 0 27
Sep 2014 46 36 13 4 1 0 26
Aug 2014 42 38 13 6 1 0 29


About This Report

The data presented herein is obtained from a survey of manufacturing supply managers based on information they have collected within their respective organizations. ISM® makes no representation, other than that stated within this release, regarding the individual company data collection procedures. The data should be compared to all other economic data sources when used in decision-making.


Data and Method of Presentation

The Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is based on data compiled from purchasing and supply executives nationwide. Membership of the Manufacturing Business Survey Committee is diversified by NAICS, based on each industry's contribution to gross domestic product (GDP). Manufacturing Business Survey Committee responses are divided into the following NAICS code categories: Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Textile Mills; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Wood Products; Paper Products; Printing & Related Support Activities; Petroleum & Coal Products; Chemical Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Primary Metals; Fabricated Metal Products; Machinery; Computer & Electronic Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Transportation Equipment; Furniture & Related Products; and Miscellaneous Manufacturing (products such as medical equipment and supplies, jewelry, sporting goods, toys and office supplies).

Survey responses reflect the change, if any, in the current month compared to the previous month. For each of the indicators measured (New Orders, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, Imports, Production, Supplier Deliveries, Inventories, Customers' Inventories, Employment and Prices), this report shows the percentage reporting each response, the net difference between the number of responses in the positive economic direction (higher, better and slower for Supplier Deliveries) and the negative economic direction (lower, worse and faster for Supplier Deliveries), and the diffusion index. Responses are raw data and are never changed. The diffusion index includes the percent of positive responses plus one-half of those responding the same (considered positive).

The resulting single index number for those meeting the criteria for seasonal adjustments (PMI®, New Orders, Production, Employment and Supplier Deliveries) is then seasonally adjusted to allow for the effects of repetitive intra-year variations resulting primarily from normal differences in weather conditions, various institutional arrangements, and differences attributable to non-moveable holidays. All seasonal adjustment factors are subject annually to relatively minor changes when conditions warrant them. The PMI® is a composite index based on the diffusion indexes of five of the indexes with equal weights: New Orders (seasonally adjusted), Production (seasonally adjusted), Employment (seasonally adjusted), Supplier Deliveries (seasonally adjusted), and Inventories.

Diffusion indexes have the properties of leading indicators and are convenient summary measures showing the prevailing direction of change and the scope of change. A PMI® reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally declining. A PMI® in excess of 43.2 percent, over a period of time, indicates that the overall economy, or gross domestic product (GDP), is generally expanding; below 43.2 percent, it is generally declining. The distance from 50 percent or 43.2 percent is indicative of the strength of the expansion or decline. With some of the indicators within this report, ISM® has indicated the departure point between expansion and decline of comparable government series, as determined by regression analysis.

The Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® survey is sent out to Manufacturing Business Survey Committee respondents the first part of each month. Respondents are asked to ONLY report on information for the current month. ISM® receives survey responses throughout most of any given month, with the majority of respondents generally waiting until late in the month to submit responses in order to give the most accurate picture of current business activity. ISM® then compiles the report for release on the first business day of the following month.

The industries reporting growth, as indicated in the Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® monthly report, are listed in the order of most growth to least growth. For the industries reporting contraction or decreases, those are listed in the order of the highest level of contraction/decrease to the least level of contraction/decrease.

Responses to Buying Policy reflect the percent reporting the current month's lead time, the approximate weighted number of days ahead for which commitments are made for Production Materials; Capital Expenditures; and Maintenance, Repair and Operating (MRO) Supplies, expressed as hand-to-mouth (five days), 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, six months (180 days), a year or more (360 days), and the weighted average number of days. These responses are raw data, never revised, and not seasonally adjusted since there is no significant seasonal pattern.

The Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is published monthly by Institute for Supply Management®, the first supply institute in the world. Founded in 1915, ISM®'s mission is to enhance the value and performance of procurement and supply chain management practitioners and their organizations worldwide. By executing and extending its mission through education, research, standards of excellence and information dissemination — including the renowned monthly ISM® Report On Business® — ISM® maintains a strong global influence among individuals and organizations. ISM® is a not-for-profit educational association that serves professionals with an interest in supply management who live and work in more than 80 countries. This report has been issued by the association since 1931, except for a four-year interruption during World War II.

The full text version of the Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® is posted on ISM®'s website at www.ism.ws on the first business day of every month after 10:10 a.m. (ET).

The next Manufacturing ISM® Report On Business® featuring the December 2014 data will be released at 10:00 a.m. (ET) on Friday, January 2, 2015.



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